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Model Development

Model Development is one of the keys to innovation and improvement in the welfare state is the development of models which can be tested and improved. This requires a commitment to both increased flexibility and the use of empirical data.


The four phases of model development require:

  • Development of models - which can then be championed by local leaders
  • Implementation of models - in the light of legal and economic realities
  • Understanding the real impact of the model - evaluated in the light of principles of social justice
  • Improving the model - adapting the model within legal and policy constraints

Of course the conditions for innovation are therefore constrained by:

  • space left by legal structures
  • authority given to leaders
  • transparency of data
  • understandings of right and wrong 

It is this approach to change which underpins the work of the Centre for Welfare Reform and its fellows. Ethics must be combined with a real willingness to test, learn and adapt.

The publisher is the Centre for Welfare Reform.

Model Development © Simon Duffy 2010.

All Rights Reserved. No part of this paper may be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher except for the quotation of brief passages in reviews.