1. Home
  2. About Us
  3. Publishing With Us

Publishing With Us

We welcome contributions from anyone who believes that everyone is equal and that diversity is good. You can send us your contributions directly or you may prefer to talk to us in advance.

There are several ways in which we help share information:

  1. Books - publications for print or electronic sales
  2. Report - detailed research work
  3. Articles - essays suitable for journals
  4. Guides - practical advice and information
  5. Discussion Papers - longer essays or thought-pieces
  6. Easy Read - communicating important information clearly
  7. Infographics - graphics containing statistical or conceptual information
  8. Movies & Sound - multimedia resource
  9. Blogs - text essays published online
  10. Hosting - sharing useful resources, already published elsewhere, with permission

We also provide co-publishing options for organisations who need a professional publisher. If you would like to publish your work with us please contact Simon Duffy, Director of the Centre for Welfare Reform.

Style guidelines

I you are going to write with us please try to follow the following style guidelines:

  • In general use numbers not words, especially for larger numbers e.g. there were 52 varieties of beans.
  • Use -ise in preference to -ize.
  • Avoid the excessive use of hyphens e.g. healthcare, unless it's an invented work like self-directed.
  • Use no more than 3 heading levels (ideally less).
  • Provide a summary at the beginning of longer pieces.
  • If using acronyms ensure that the first use includes an explanation, e.g. United Nations (UN).
  • Only use capitals for proper names. The only exception is when you are naming and defining a concept (e.g. Individual Budget); but then this must be consistently capitalised throughout.
  • Headings should only be capitalised on the first letter - unless a proper name is included.
  • Figures (or captions) should also only be capitalised on the first letter.
  • Only the Main Title will be fully capitalised and any sub-title will be in block capitals.
  • When quoting authors, alive or dead, use the present tense to describe what someone thinks or says - unless the context demands a past tense.
  • Place punctuation marks inside quote marks even when artificial (i.e. the US convention) - e.g. Simon said “Put your hands in the air,” before he left the building.
  • The name of publications, legislation, projects or brands cited in a text should be in italics; however organisations, departments or other formal bodies should not be in italics - in other words the italics signals that this is a name of something. (This also means that such titles do not require quotations marks. e.g. The Spirit Level, not 'The Spirit Level').
  • Provide any artwork separately from the text, at the highest resolution possible or ideally as a vector graphic.
  • Please only use one space after a period and avoid other excessive uses of the space bar, the return key or clip art.
  • We do not use footnotes and ideally try to avoid endnotes. However if endnotes are essential then please mark number at the end of the relevant sentence - not midway. e.g. The UK Government breached the human rights of disabled people. [n] In general try to avoid use of endnotes and use Harvard referencing (see below) rather than endnotes in order to cite references.
  • If using endnotes then number every note in sequence. If you are referring back to any earlier reference do not simply repeat the earlier number. You must use a new number and then in the note either: ibid (if you are refering back to the note immediately above or Name and Number e.g. O'Brien (n 6).
  • Only use double quotes (") for real quotations of people. Only use single quotes (') for expressions. Unless essential to the flow of the paragraph, quotations will be placed in a paragraph of their own with a clear citation.
  • Try to avoid the use of the rather ugly and/or. Unless there is a real danger of ambiguity or confusion it can be assumed that 'or' includes 'and' (ie. use the logicians' 'or').
  • Bulleted lists are good and can be treated as a form of punctuation in their own right. There is no need to try and add extra colons or the term 'and' - instead make each bullet as clear and distinct in its own right.


The use of hyperlinks should be kept to a minimum. In work that are for printing then hyperlinks are redundant and messy. In works that are only for online publication hyperlinks often break when the original publisher makes changes their details. So only use hyperlinks if:

  • In the references when there is no better way of defining the identity of the publication.
  • To show respect to any organisation that has agreed to share information with the Centre.
  • To reliable and regularly updated sources of information.


We use Harvard Referencing, but with punctuation kept to a minimum. Here are examples of the different uses:

  • Duffy S (2010) Personalisation in Mental Health. Sheffield: Centre for Welfare Reform
  • Duffy S & Hyde C (2011) Women at the Centre. Sheffield: Centre for Welfare Reform
  • Cowen A, Murray P & Duffy S (2011) Personalised Transition: a collaborative approach to funding individual budgets for young disabled people with complex needs leaving school. JOURNAL OF INTEGRATED CARE, Vol. 19 Iss: 2, pp. 30-36 doi: 10.5042/jic.2011.0158
  • Lewis CS (1943) The Abolition of Man. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Duffy S (2013a) Welfare Myth Three - The Poor Don't Pay Taxes Available from: http://www. huffingtonpost.co.uk/dr-simon-duffy/welfare-myth-poor-taxes_b_3053882.html [Accessed 30/08/14].
  • UNCRPD (2006) United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  • Hinsliff G (2019) In praise of shame: how Trump and Johnson show we need it more than ever. The Guardian: 2 July 2019
  • The Health and Social Care Act (2012) United Kingdom

Note: Title of book should be capitalised by the normal Upper Case convention - regardless of style in original publication. Subtitles should be lower case.

Editor becomes (ed) and editors (eds)

'Et al' is without a stop

Citations of chapter from books or journals should include page numbers as follows:

Cowen A, Murray P & Duffy S (2011) Personalised Transition: a collaborative approach to funding individual budgets for young disabled people with complex needs leaving school. JOURNAL OF INTEGRATED CARE, Vol. 19 Iss: 2, pp. 30-36

In text citations - In text citations should be bracketed, with author's surname and year e.g. (Duffy, 2010).

Ideally larger quotes will be followed by a full citation on a separate line  e.g. Duffy S (2010) Personalisation in Mental Health. p. 26

In your references list, either provide the surnames and initials of all authors or use et al. after the first author's name.

The reference list must be in alphabetic order, by surname. (Note that the Belgians and Dutch use different conventions for surnames that begin De or Van. Belgians keep all elements capitalised and the first word is what counts; Dutch de-capitalize the initial words: so Jurgen De Wispelaere, but Robert van der Veen).

Publishing process

Guidelines for contributors:

  • Text should be provided in Word, Pages or RTF.
  • Desk Top Publishing (DTP) will only begin once text has been agreed
  • Images should NOT be embedded in document but provided separately
  • High quality images should be use and for graphics ideally vector graphic formats
  • Statistics should ideally be provided either as raw data or in a Scaleable Vector Graphic form (i.e. not just an image grab from Excel)

If in doubt please talk to Simon Duffy in advance.

Contents page

Contents page typically we will be restricted to:

  • Foreword (if any) - this is by a different person to author
  • Preface (if any) - this would be by the author
  • Summary
  • Section headings (if any)
  • Chapter heading (Level 1 only)
  • Bibliography


Unless otherwise stated all our publications are fully copyright protected. Full details of our copyright restrictions are available. Unless otherwise stated we assign copyright to the primary author(s) on the basis that the author has given their permission to The Centre for Welfare Reform. The rights of the author are protected and if there is any commercial agreement this is specified in a contract with The Centre for Welfare Reform.

All copyright and other intellectual property rights in the materials on the Website are owned by the Centre unless otherwise indicated. 

You may download, print or copy any material from the Website that you wish, provided it is for your own personal use and you keep in place all original copyright notices or other intellectual property notices. 

If the material is not used in its original format then the source must always be acknowledged as follows:

“taken from www.centreforwelfarereform.org, a free on-line resource from the Centre of Welfare Reform Limited © [name of copyright holder] 20[insert]”

If you do intend to use any of the materials you should read the full terms of use below.

Stories and case studies

Stories are essential to help people understand the world. We encourage people to tell stories about themselves or share stories about people's lives. However if you tell someone else's story you must either:

  • Get permission from them to use their name and story or
  • Change the story to make the person anonymous (perhaps with a different name) and to ensure you protect the person's privacy and dignity


The following agreement, together with the Centre for Welfare Reform Privacy Policy referred to within (this Agreement) sets out the terms of use on which You make use of the website at http://www.centreforwelfareform.org (the Website), whether as a guest or as a registered user.  

Please read this Agreement carefully before You start to use the Website. 

By using the Website, You indicate that You accept and agree to abide by this Agreement.

If You do not agree with the terms of this Agreement and the Privacy Policy, please do not use the Website.

Information about Us

The Website is owned and operated by the Centre for Welfare Reform, a company limited by shares registered in England and Wales under company number 07256272 whose registered office is at 36 Rose Hill Drive, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S20 5PN (the Centre).

1. Use of the Website and the Contract Between Us

1.1 In this Agreement the term 'You' means the individual completing the registration process to become a registered user of the Website, or unregistered visitors to and users of the Website and ‘Your’ shall be construed accordingly.
1.2 The information and any services provided by the Centre via the Website deal generally with issues under English Law and such information or services do not purport to comply with laws and regulations of Scotland, Northern Ireland or any country outside England and Wales.
1.3 You agree to only use the Website in accordance with this Agreement and all applicable laws.
1.4 The offer by the Centre to provide an on-line resource for those interested in welfare reform and Your acceptance of that offer by visiting the Website brings into existence a legally binding contract between us.
1.5 This Agreement is a contract for the provision of information and services and nothing in this Agreement shall create or be deemed to create a legal partnership or the relationship of agent and principal or the relationship of employer and employee between the You and the Centre.

2. Obligations of the Centre

2.1 The Centre shall:

2.1.1 provide welfare resources to visitors to the Website and to those who register as new users of the Website;
2.1.2 provide an administrator for the Website;
2.1.3 where possible moderate the content of information added to the Website by You and other third parties;
2.2 The information and services shall be provided free of charge but the Centre reserves the right to charge for access to certain information and services in its absolute discretion.

3. Permitted Use

3.1 You may use the Website for lawful purposes only.

3.2 You:
3.2.1 warrant that You are 18 years old or over;
3.2.2 warrant that You are resident in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland; and
3.2.3 warrant that You shall not register with the Website more than once.

3.3 You agree that the webmaster, administrator and moderators of the Website have the right to remove, edit, move or close any item or activity on the Website at any time should they see fit. You agree to any information You have entered above being stored in a database. 
3.4 You agree to the terms of the disclaimer as stated at Clause 10 of this Agreement.
3.5 You may use the information available on the Website as a welfare reform resource for either voluntary or professional purposes in accordance with this Agreement.

4. Prohibited Use

4.1 You may not use the Website:
4.1.1 in any way that breaches any applicable local, national or international law or regulation;
4.1.2 in any way that is unlawful or fraudulent, or has any unlawful or fraudulent purpose or effect;
4.1.3 for the purpose of harming or attempting to harm minors in any way.

4.2 You agree that You will not:
4.2.1 reproduce, duplicate, copy or sell any part of the Website in contravention of this Agreement;
4.2.2 access without authority, interfere with, damage or disrupt: any part of the Website; any equipment or network on which the Website is stored; any software used in the provision of the Website.

5. Content You contribute

5.1 You agree that You shall abide by the contents standard as set out in this Clause 5 when You make any contribution to the Website and that any contribution You make must be:
5.1.1 accurate (where facts are stated);
5.1.2 genuinely held (where opinions are stated);
5.1.3 comply with applicable laws in the UK and in any country from which it is posted.

5.2 You agree that You shall not:
5.2.1 post any abusive, obscene, vulgar, defamatory, hateful, threatening, sexually-oriented or any other material that may violate any applicable laws. Doing so may lead to You being immediately and permanently banned (and Your service provider being informed). The IP address of all posts is recorded to aid in enforcing these conditions;
5.2.2 send, knowingly receive, upload, download, use or re-use any material which does not comply with the standards set out in this Agreement; 
5.2.3 transmit, or procure the sending of, any unsolicited or unauthorised advertising or promotional material or any other form of similar solicitation including conducting or forwarding surveys, questionnaires, contests and chain letters (spam);
5.2.4 post any advertising material on the Website without the prior written consent of the Centre. You accept that any such written consent may be subject to payment;
5.2.5 place any web-links on any part of the Website to any website;
5.2.6 knowingly transmit any data, send or upload any material that contains any viruses or other harmful programmes designed to adversely affect the operation of any computer software or hardware used in the operation of the Website.

6. Uploading material to the site and editing material on the site.

6.1 Whenever You make use of a feature that allows You to upload material to the Website, edit existing material on the Website, or post contributions to the Website You must comply with terms of this Agreement. You warrant that any such contribution does comply with the minimum standards set out in this Agreement and that You shall indemnify the Centre for any breach of that warranty.
6.2 The Centre shall moderate the content of the Website. Whilst the administrators and moderators will attempt to remove or edit any generally objectionable material as quickly as possible, it is not possible to review every contribution. Therefore You acknowledge that all contributions made to the Website express the views and opinions of the author(s) and not the administrators, moderators or webmaster (except for posts by these people) and hence the Centre will not be held liable for those contributions.
6.3 Subject to the terms of the Centre’s Privacy Policy and Clause 6.4 below, whilst information and contributions posted on the Website outside of the public areas of the Website will not be disclosed to any third party without Your consent the webmaster, administrator and moderators cannot be held responsible for any hacking attempt that may lead to the data being compromised.
6.4 The Centre may disclose information in respect of any information or material posted on the Website to the relevant authorities should it reasonably believe that criminal activity is taking place or it believes that an individual or a group of individuals are at risk of harm.
6.5 The Centre reserves the right at its sole discretion to disregard, delete or omit any contribution offered by You or any other third party to the Website, particularly, but not limited to information that is illegal, not in the best interests of the users of the Website or contrary to public policy or the policies of the Centre.

7. Intellectual Property Rights

7.1 All copyright and other intellectual property rights in the materials on the Website are owned by the Centre unless otherwise indicated.
7.2 Where organisations linked to the Centre have elected to provide their branding and any other intellectual property on any part the Website in agreement with the Centre they retain ownership of all such rights.
7.3 In respect of material provided by You copyright remains with You and You hereby grant a non-exclusive, perpetual, worldwide, royalty-free, sub-licensable and transferable licence to the Centre to use, reproduce, distribute, prepare derivative works of, and display the content in connection with the Website and the Centre’s business, including without limitation for promoting and redistributing part or all of the Website (and derivative works thereof) in any media formats and through any media channels. Contributors of material to the Website also grant a licence to users of the Website to use such material on the terms of this Agreement.
7.4 You may download, print or copy any material from the Website that You wish, provided it is for Your own personal use and You keep in place all original copyright notices or other intellectual property notices. In such case if the material is not used in its original format the source must always be acknowledged as follows “taken from centreforwelfarereform.org, a free on-line resource from the Centre Welfare Reform Limited. © 20[insert] [name of copyright holder]”. 
7.5 The material on the Website forms part of the Centre’s portfolio of educational materials. The Centre actively encourages training providers and other commercial organisations to promote the Website through the use of URL addresses and excerpts in electronic and printed media. Excerpts must be no more than one paragraph from any given page, and not more than five paragraphs in any one commercial instance. You must always credit the material immediately after its use as follows: “Centre for Welfare Reform – [name of copyright holder]”
7.6 Larger sections of text from the Website can be used for commercial purposes under license from the Centre. If You are in doubt as to how much material from the Website You can use in Your own commercial materials, or wish to obtain a license, You should contact the Centre. You may use individual documents as precedents for Your own documents provided that You follow the requirements of commercial use in this Clause 7.

7.7 In all cases of commercial use in accordance with this Clause 7 the following notice must be included in the materials produced and remain intact:

“This material is being used under licence from the Centre of Welfare Reform (the Centre). Selling or using extensive portions of material from the website as part of a for-profit activity, without prior written consent from the Centre is prohibited. You must obtain permission before redistributing this material, for permission please contact the Centre.”

7.8 Any permission to reproduce material from this site under this Clause 7 does not extend to any material on this site that is identified as being the copyright of a third party. Authorisation to reproduce such material must be obtained from the copyright holders concerned.
7.9 Any material reproduced in accordance with this Clause 7 must be reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context.
7.10 Subject to the terms of this Agreement You may not copy, modify, alter, distribute, publish, sell or otherwise use any material on the Website in whole or in part, unless You have obtained the prior written consent of the Centre. 
7.11 You may not use the material on the Website as part of a training programme or in any way which competes with the Website.
7.12 For the purposes of this Agreement, commercial purposes includes a charity using the information for the purposes of fundraising or providing services which are paid for by the user or a third party, under contract or by grant.

8. Termination

8.1 The Centre may terminate this Agreement and Your use of the Website as a registered user or unregistered guest at any time without notice.

8.2 Any licence granted to You under this Agreement may be terminated by the Centre:
8.2.1 immediately by notice;
8.2.2 automatically if materials form the Website are misused or used by You or us as a result of Your acting without a credit for the copyright holder or the Centre.
8.3 You can terminate this Agreement at any time by unsubscribing from the Website by email. The termination will take effect three business days after the receipt of Your notice. The Centre’s contact details are available on the Website under “contact us”.
8.4 For the avoidance of doubt any licence granted by You to the Centre will not terminate on the termination of this Agreement.

9. Limitation on Liability

9.1 Neither the Centre nor any linked organisation shall be liable to You or to any other person or entity in any way, whether arising under contract, tort (including negligence) or otherwise, for damages of any kind arising from the use of the Website, including, but not limited to, direct, indirect, incidental, punitive or consequential damages, lost revenue or profits, lost or damaged data or other commercial or economic loss, that result from Your use of, or inability to use, the Website.  
9.2 Neither the Centre nor its linked organisations shall be liable in any way whatsoever for any loss, cost, claim or other damage howsoever caused by any third party including those whose details can be found on the Website or may otherwise be communicated to You by the Centre.
9.3 If this limitation of liability provision shall be deemed unenforceable, either in whole or in part, then such parts as are unenforceable shall be deleted, the remaining parts shall remain in full force and effect and the liability of the Centre and any of its linked organisations shall be limited to the greatest extent permitted by law.

9.4 Nothing in this Agreement shall exclude or limit the liability of the Centre for:
9.4.1 death or personal injury arising from its negligence; or 
9.4.2 liability arising from fraud.

10. Disclaimer of Warranty

10.1 Materials posted on the Website are for information only and are not intended to:
10.1.1 amount to advice on which reliance should be placed; or
10.1.2 constitute legal or accounting advice in relation to any of the issues covered.

10.2 The Centre disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from You or anyone who may be informed of any of the Website’s contents placing any reliance on such materials. Prior to using any of the materials on the site You should consider whether You need to obtain any professional advice such as advice from an appropriately qualified legal advisor. 
10.3 Advertisements posted on the Website by suppliers or any other third parties are for information only. The Centre does not monitor the content of all the advertisements on the Website and does not make any representations as to their accuracy or otherwise. Any dealings You may have with those suppliers or other third parties are entirely at Your own risk.
10.4 Separate terms and conditions may apply to certain products, services and materials available through the Website. In which case this will be brought to Your attention. Subject to this, no express or implied warranties of any kind are made in respect of the Website or the products, services and materials available through it.
10.5 The Centre does not warrant that the Website will operate uninterrupted or error/virus free or that the information on the Website is accurate or complete.

11. Links to Other Companies or Organisations

11.1 The Website provides web-links (and other contact details) to other websites that offer products, services and materials the Centre thinks will be of interest to You. Some of these websites are operated in conjunction with other companies/organisations and some are operated solely by independent companies/organisations. The Centre has no control over such websites and resources and accepts no liability for any products, services, materials or information contained on or available through linked websites or otherwise provided by any other company/organisation referred to on the Website. These links are provided purely for Your convenience but the Centre does not endorse the material on these websites.
11.2 No linked websites are covered by this Agreement, therefore, You should check what terms cover the use of these websites before using them.
11.3 You may only create a link to the Website with the Centre’s prior written permission. The Centre reserves the right to remove any links to the Website that it deems are inappropriate without notice.

12. Data Protection

12.1 We are permitted to process Your Personal Data (as defined by the Data Protection Act 1998) in accordance with our Privacy Policy.

13. Changes to the Terms of Use Policy

13.1 From time to time the Centre may add new features to the Website and enhance the level of service that the Centre offers to You. This may lead to changes in this Agreement. Any such changes will be notified to You by the Centre updating this Agreement and Your subsequent use of the Website will be deemed to signify Your acceptance of the changes.

14. Waiver

14.1 No failure or delay by the Centre to exercise any right or remedy provided under this Agreement or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it preclude or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. No single or partial exercise of such right or remedy shall preclude or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy.

15. Third Party Rights

15.1 A person who is not a party to this Agreement shall not have any rights under or in connection with it and accordingly the Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 shall not apply to this Agreement.

16. Entire agreement

16.1 This Agreement supersedes all prior agreements, arrangements and understandings between the parties and constitutes the entire agreement between the parties relating to the subject matter hereof (save that neither party seeks to exclude liability for any fraudulent pre-contractual misrepresentation upon which the other party can be shown to have relied).

17. Jurisdiction and Law

17.1 This Agreement is governed by the laws of England.
17.2 The parties irrevocably agree that the courts in England shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute which may arise out of, under, or in connection with this Agreement or the legal relationship established by them, and for those purposes irrevocably submit all disputes to the jurisdiction of the English courts.  
17.3 The place of performance shall be England.

This Agreement was last updated on: 10th November 2010

The Centre for Welfare Reform would like to thank Benjamin James and Bircham Dyson Bell for their help in drawing up these terms of use.