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Relational Basis of Empowerment

Karl Nunkoosing and Mark Haydon-Laurelut argue that people with intellectual disabilities cannot be empowered by people who reject them, nor by people who believe that others will reject them. The only empowering approach combines acceptance and optimism. This graphic sets out the core argument of their paper The Relational Basis of Empowerment.


The publisher is The Centre for Welfare Reform.

Graphic on the Relational Basis of Empowerment © Simon Duffy 2015.

All Rights Reserved. No part of this paper may be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher except for the quotation of brief passages in reviews.